7 Belgium / Netherlands 4 2 England 2 Eliminated Criticism The English Football Association and others raised concerns. The construction of the Nizhny Novgorod Stadium commenced in 2015. For the first time, the fair play criteria came into use, when Japan qualified over Senegal due to having received fewer yellow cards. 34 This was different from previous draws, when only pot 1 was based on fifa rankings while the remaining pots were based on geographical considerations. 41 42 Assistant referee Marwa Range of Kenya also withdrew after the BBC released an investigation conducted by a Ghanaian journalist which implicated Marwa in a bribery scandal.
The number of cities was further reduced to 11 and number of stadiums to 12 as Krasnodar and Yaroslavl were dropped from the final list. Moscow Saint Petersburg Sochi Luzhniki Stadium Otkritie Arena (Spartak Stadium) Krestovsky Stadium (Saint Petersburg Stadium) Fisht Olympic Stadium (Fisht naked atracton dating Stadium) Capacity: 78,011 66 Capacity: 44,190 67 Capacity: 64,468 68 Capacity: 44,287 69 Volgograd Rostov-on-Don Volgograd Arena Rostov Arena Capacity: 43,713 70 Capacity: 43,472 71 Nizhny. A new referee was not appointed, but two assistant referees, Hasan Al Mahri of the United Arab Emirates and Hiroshi Yamauchi of Japan, were added to the list. 36 If a match went into extra time, each team was allowed to make a fourth substitution, the first time this had been allowed in a fifa World Cup tournament. As such, there were eventually four bids for the 2018 fifa World Cup, two of which were joint bids: England, Russia, Netherlands/Belgium, and Portugal/Spain. 53 Most cities are in European Russia, while Sochi 54 and Yekaterinburg 55 are very close to the Europe-Asia border, to reduce travel time for the teams in the huge country. Eastern Europe, 3 and the 11th time that it had been held in Europe.
94 Transport Free public transport services were offered for ticketholders during the World Cup, including additional trains linking between host cities, as well as services such as bus service within them. 49 A record number of penalties were awarded in the tournament, with this phenomenon being partially attributed to VAR. 52 Venues Further information: 2018 fifa World Cup venues Russia proposed the following host cities: Kaliningrad, Kazan, Krasnodar, Moscow, Nizhny Novgorod, Rostov-on-Don, Saint Petersburg, Samara, Saransk, Sochi, Volgograd, Yaroslavl, and Yekaterinburg. The last facility commissioned was a waste treatment station in Volgograd. 64 The stadium has hosted games of the 2017 fifa Confederations Cup and will serve as a venue for uefa Euro 2020.